Blackheads are bumps (papules) on the surface of the skin colored black appear because the hair follicles are clogged. There are many ways to cope with blackheads is severe, in which by the way is issued manually, the administration of drugsmedicine medical, laser therapy and light therapy, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion.
Blackheads, blackheads either mild or blackheads severe, is one type of mild acne that generally appears on the face. However can also appear on the back, neck, chest, shoulders, and arms. Blackheads occur when the hair follicles are dilated and filled with flakes of skin, bacteria, and sebum or oil. Blackheads severe infected or inflamed it will turn into acne.
Know the Type of Blackheads and Factor Triggers the Onset of Blackheads Severe
There are several types of blackheads, among others:
- Blackheads or open comedones
Type of comedo is caused by dead skin cells and oil collected on the outer ends of the follicles of the skin. Because the skin on the top of the comedo is open and exposed to the air, then the color of the blackheads to be black.
- Whiteheads or closed comedones
Is comedo type in where the hair follicle is completely clogged.
Is the blackheads that are very small are not visible to the eye.
Are the blackheads white with a diameter of more than 2-3 mm.
- Giant comedo
Comedones this is a kind of cyst where there are open end colored black on it.
- Blackheads solar
Comedones of this type are caused by sun exposure long term. Blackheads this type often occurs in older people.
There are several factors that can trigger the growth of blackheads, among other things because the production of excess oil and buildup of bacteria Propionibacterium acnes on the surface of the skin. Oil production generally occurs at the time of adolescence, during menstruation, or when taking birth control pills. In addition, irritation of the hair follicles occur when dead skin cells do not exfoliate regularly. Taking certain drugs such as corticosteroids, lithium, or androgens can also trigger the appearance of blackheads.
Diverse a Surefire Way to Overcome Blackheads Severe that You Need to Know
There are a variety of ways to cope with blackheads is severe, from the simple way that You can do at home with free medicine, to medical treatment.
- Care at home
Wash and clean the face using warm water and soap made from lightweight. Then, apply a cream or gel containing salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, or resorcinol. Material with the content of the work of killing bacteria, drying excess oil, and exfoliates dead skin cells.
- Prescription drugs
If drugs are sold freely can not handle the problem of blackheads is severe, then medication prescribed by a doctor is necessary for further handling. Generally, the doctor will prescribe tretinoin, adapalene, and tazarotene. The third medications that contain vitamin A that works by preventing the formation of blockages in the hair follicles and also accelerate the turnover of skin cells. For the case of blackheads accompanied by acne cysts and boils, the doctor will prescribe medications that contain benzoyl peroxide and antibiotics.
- Removal of blackheads in the manual
In addition to drugs, blackheads severe can also be overcome with the method of appointment of the blackheads manually. This treatment is carried out by using special tool made of metal with a small loop at the end to lift the blockages that lead to blackheads. However, removing the blackheads using a tool that is not clean or with dirty fingers, will make blackheads become inflamed.
Care mikrodermabasi is a method of cleansing the skin from the blockage causes blackheads, which are performed by doctors or dermatologists. This technique uses a special tool like a tube that has a rough texture on its surface. In addition to addressing the blackheads, mikrodermabasi can also improve the appearance of skin, rejuvenation of the face, and black spots.
- Chemical peels
Beauty treatments non surgical this also popular to help improve the appearance of skin and help to overcome blackheads severe by eliminating the dead skin cells and blockage. Method chemical peels use chemicals to strip the skin cells that have died. After the exfoliation is done, the smoother skin will look. In addition to dealing with blackheads, this method is also used to resolve acne scars, dark spots, wrinkles, skin damaged by the sun.
- Laser therapy and light therapy
This therapy can treat blackheads and severe acne without damaging the skin surface of the most outside. This therapy uses energy rays that can decrease the production of excess oil on the skin and kill the bacteria that causes blackheads.
To prevent the appearance of blackheads and turn into blackheads severe, You also can do some simple steps such as cleaning your face regularly with a gentle soap at least two times a day. Use of cosmetic products or skin care oil-free. Select cosmetic products that are labeled noncomedogenic. You can also use the product peel the skin like a scruband a face mask to remove dead skin cells from the face. Choose a product that does not cause irritation on the skin and adjust with the skin type .