Artificial Insemination, This Is What You Should Know
Artificial insemination is a procedure to overcome the problem of interference keseburan (infertility) by placing the sperm directly in the uterus at the time of release of egg cells (ovulation). The purpose of artificial insemination is to increase the amount of sperm that can reach the channels of the ovaries the egg (tuba falopii), until the happening of fertilization and pregnancy.
The action of the artificial insemination can be done in a matter of minutes on the outpatient in the hospital. The success of artificial insemination can be increased if done not only 1 time (cycle). Women who do a program of artificial insemination have the opportunity to conceive of around 10-20% per cycle. However, when done repeatedly, his success reached 45%. One research says that a woman who has done 6 cycles of artificial insemination, have the success to get pregnant as big as 40%.But the success also depends on the age, cause of infertility, and drug use specific fertility.
Indication Insemination Artificial
Artificial insemination can be done on patients who suffer from infertility issues, well that is not known to cause or known. For example, as a result of the amount and quality of sperm which is bad, as well as endometriosis. In addition, this procedure can be done by the patients who have cervical mucus too thick, so gets in the way of the sperm.
Reminder Artificial Insemination
To carry out artificial insemination, the condition of a woman should be ensured in a state of health, especially the condition of the tuba falopiinya. Artificial insemination should not be done on women who have had twists on the tuba falopii, such as menyempitnya tuba falopii due to inflammation of pangul. The doctor will do an examination to find out the availability of obstacles in the channel, as well as the possibility of the cause. Inspection can diakukan through histerosalpingografi (HSG)using x-ray, laparoscopy, or hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (HyCoSy) with the sound waves.
Before Insemination Artificial
Artificial insemination begins with the completion of the sperm sample. From a sperm sample that will be taken sperm healthy, up to enlarge the possibility of women to get pregnant.
In addition to the completion of the sperm sample, the setting time of the implementation of artificial insemination is very important. Because of that, to do the monitoring of predicting the occurrence of ovulation to determine the implementation of artificial insemination. Ovulation usually happens . Monitoring can be done with prediction of ovulation from the urine by looking at the release of the hormone LH, or based on observation through ULTRASOUND transvaginal to see the growth of egg cells. Sometimes, the drugs fertility used doctor to stimulate ovulation.
Once ovulation can be detected, the doctor will determine the pelaksanan artificial insemination. The execution of artificial insemination is generally performed one or two days post-look for signs of ovulation.
The Procedure Of Insemination Artificial
When the implementation of the artificial insemination, the patient was casted.Further, the doctor the contents of the insert tool stand (speculum) into the vagina, to dilate the vagina. At this point, the catheter is filled with a sample of healthy sperms are inserted into the vagina, through the door of the uterus, and into the uterus. The sperm will be driven to get into the uterus. After that, artificial insemination is considered complete and the catheter is detachable, so also a speculum.
The procedure of artificial insemination in generally does not cause any pain, although some women feel a cramp for a second. The whole action of artificial insemination only last around 10 minutes. The patient can go home after the action is done is done.
After Insemination Artificial
After the implementation of the insemination intrauterine, the next level is looking forward to the result with a pregnancy test. This test can be done 2 weeks after the implementation of the insemination. If you haven’t managed to get pregnant, a doctor can recommend artificial insemination for repeat. The implementation of insemination of repeat can be performed in the back in 3-6 months into the future to enlarge the possibility of getting pregnant.
Complications Of Insemination Artificial
Artificial insemination in general is a procedure that is not complicated and secure, so the risk is too small to pose complications. However some risks might occur after the procedure of artificial insemination, one of which is the occurrence of infection. In addition, the application of the catheter in the uterus when artificial insemination can cause bleeding in the vagina. Even so, bleeding is not influential on the likelihood of conception. Artificial insemination can also increase the risk of the occurrence of the pregnancy to twins or a double.It is considered complications because of twin pregnancy at risk resulting in the birth weight of the baby low orthe birth of a preemie.